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Testing web apps in JavaScript using Selenium WebDriver and Mocha

This quickstart will show you how to visually test web apps in JavaScript using Selenium WebDriver and Mocha. Visual testing can help you catch problems that traditional automation struggles to find. You can also leverage Applitools Ultrafast Grid to run your tests across all the major browsers in a fraction of the time as other cross-browser testing platforms.

After preparing your environment, this three-step quickstart should take about 15 minutes to complete.

Need extra help?

If you get stuck on this example, don't suffer in silence! Please reach out to us to get things working. We can also help you get Applitools running in your own project.

Step 1: Preparing your environment

You'll need a few things to run this quickstart:

  1. An Applitools account, which you can register for free.

  2. A recent version of Node.js.

  3. A good JavaScript editor like Visual Studio Code.

  4. An up-to-date version of Google Chrome.

  5. A corresponding version of ChromeDriver.

    Installing ChromeDriver

    The major version numbers of Chrome and ChromeDriver must be the same. Otherwise, Selenium WebDriver may raise an exception when it is initialized. For example, Chrome v101 requires ChromeDriver v101.

    ChromeDriver must be installed into a directory covered by the system PATH variable. Follow the instructions on Selenium's Install browser drivers page. On macOS and Linux, the recommended location for the chromedriver executable is the /usr/local/bin directory.

    You can test that ChromeDriver is working by running the chromedriver -v command to print its version.

Step 2: Getting your example project

Downloading the example project

There are two ways to run tests:

  1. Using Applitools Ultrafast Grid for cross-browser testing in the cloud
  2. Using Applitools Classic runner on your local machine

If you are not sure which one to pick, read Leveraging the Applitools platform. For most cases, we recommend Applitools Ultrafast Grid. We provide separate example projects for each type of runner.

The example project is located at https://github.com/applitools/example-selenium-javascript-mocha-ufg. Clone this repository to your local machine:

git clone https://github.com/applitools/example-selenium-javascript-mocha-ufg.git
cd example-selenium-javascript-mocha-ufg
Don't have Git?

Instead of running git clone, you can download the project as a ZIP file and extract it.

Installing the dependencies

The example project uses npm for package management. Run the following commands to install the dependencies, which work for both example projects on any operating system:

npm install
Adding Applitools to Another Selenium JavaScript Project?

This example project already has the Applitools Eyes SDK as a dependency. If you want to add the Applitools Eyes SDK as a new dependency to another project, run the following command:

npm install --save-dev @applitools/eyes-selenium

Walking through the code

Test setup code is slightly different between Ultrafast Grid and the Classic runner.

The project contains one visual test case, which is located at test/acme-bank.test.js.

acme-bank.test.js is a Mocha test file that covers login behavior for the ACME Bank demo web app. It uses the Applitools Eyes SDK to execute the test across multiple browsers in Applitools Ultrafast Grid. With the Ultrafast Grid, you can specify different browser types, viewport sizes, and even mobile devices.

In-line comments explain every section of its code. Read it top to bottom to understand how it works:


Step 3: Running your tests

Setting Applitools variables

Before running the visual test, you must find your Applitools API key and set it as an environment variable named APPLITOOLS_API_KEYYou can set this variable through your IDE, or you can set it from the command line like this:
export APPLITOOLS_API_KEY=<your-api-key>
Having trouble with environment variables?

If you have trouble setting the APPLITOOLS_API_KEY environment variable, you can hard-code your API key like this:

// Change the following line:
// applitoolsApiKey = process.env.APPLITOOLS_API_KEY;
applitoolsApiKey = "<your-api-key>";

However, be warned: hard-coding secrets is poor practice. Do this only temporarily for debugging, and never commit hard-coded secrets to version control.

You may also need to set your Applitools Eyes server. By default, tests will use the public Applitools Eyes server at eyes.applitools.com. However, if your team is using a private Applitools Eyes server, you can target it by setting the APPLITOOLS_SERVER_URL environment variable. (If you are using a free Applitools account, then use the public server.)

Launching visual tests

To launch the tests, run:

npm test

To run tests using headless Chrome, set the HEADLESS environment variable to true.

After your tests run, you should see results in the Applitools Eyes dashboard. You can log into the dashboard at eyes.applitools.com or at the address for your private Applitools Eyes server.

When you run tests with the Applitools Ultrafast Grid, the tests will run one time on the local machine, and then they will upload snapshots to render on each target configuration in the cloud. The dashboard will show a separate result for each rendering. When you run tests with the Applitools Classic runner, the dashboard will show the one snapshot from your local machine.

You can also change the web page to inject visual bugs:

// await driver.get("https://demo.applitools.com");
await driver.get("https://demo.applitools.com/index_v2.html");

If you rerun the tests, then they should yield "unresolved" results for you to review. Visual differences will be highlighted in magenta. It's up to you to accept (👍) or reject (👎) the changes. Applitools will remember your decisions for future analysis.

Need extra help?

Again, it's okay. If you get stuck on this example, don't suffer in silence! Please reach out to us to get things working. We can also help you get Applitools running in your own project.

Taking the next steps with Applitools

Congratulations on completing this quickstart! There's still so much to learn about visual testing with Applitools, but you're off to a great start.

Resources for next steps:

  1. 🤖 Learning how visual testing works
  2. ↔️ Setting match levels for visual checkpoints
  3. 💥 Troubleshooting common issues
  4. 🐞 Reporting bugs
  5. 🗺 Detailed overview of visual testing with Applitools

You can also: