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Comparing Screenshots in XCTest with Applitools

The Applitools Eyes Images SDK allows you to easily add visual checkpoints to your XCTest and XCUI based unit tests in Swift. It takes care of images given by the user, sending them to the Eyes server for validation and failing the test in case differences are found.

Install the SDK

Using Swift Package Manager

In Xcode, select File > Add Packages... then add the GitHub URL of EyesImages:

https://github.com/applitools/eyes-images-swift-package.git

Using CocoaPods

Add EyesImages to your podfile

target ‘YOUR_APPLICATION_TARGET_NAME’ do
target ‘YOUR_UNIT_TESTING_TARGET_NAME’ do
pod 'EyesImages'
end
end

Run your first test

Applitools Eyes reports differences by comparing screenshots of your application with baseline images that define the expected appearance of the application at each step of the test. The user should specify the environment (OS and application under test), and the Eyes SDK will automatically set the viewport size based of the size of the image being tested. It will then compare the screenshots against baseline images that are specific to that environment. The first time you run a test in a given environment, its screenshots will be automatically saved as its baseline. Starting from the second run onward, you always have a baseline to compare against.

The test below is a simple XCTest function that visually validates an image of the main screen of our example app, "HelloWorld". It consists of a single visual checkpoint. The first time you run this test a new baseline will be created, and subsequent test runs will be compared to this baseline. If any screenshot mismatch its baseline image in a perceptible way, eyes.close() will throw a DiffsFoundException which includes a URL that points to a detailed report where you can see the detected differences and take appropriate actions such as reporting bugs, updating the baseline and more.

Before running the test, make sure to set the API key that identifies your account in the environment variable APPLITOOLS_API_KEY or directly assign it to the eyes.apiKey property. You can find your API key under the user menu located at the right hand side of the test manager toolbar. If you don't yet have an account create it now to obtain your key.


Analyze your test results

Congratulations! You've successfully run your first visual UI test with Applitools Eyes! A detailed report is ready for your inspection at the Applitools Eyes test manager. Watch this 5 minute video to get acquainted with the test manager and to learn the basics of baseline maintenance.

Login to Applitools and analyze the results.

Having Trouble?

Don't suffer in silence! Let us help you. Please reach out to us to get your project working.

Taking the next steps with Applitools

Congratulations on completing this quickstart! There's still so much to learn about visual testing with Applitools, but you're off to a great start.

Resources for next steps:

  1. 🤖 Learning how visual testing works
  2. ↔️ Setting match levels for visual checkpoints
  3. 💥 Troubleshooting common issues
  4. 🐞 Reporting bugs
  5. 🗺 Detailed overview of visual testing with Applitools

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